In the early period of time, because language education was still not popular in Taiwan yet, people often educated children with the stories and events of those ancient saints and the morals of loyalty, obedience to parents, self-disciplines and righteousness through the carving and colored-drawing patterns on the buildings. It was expected that the children could understand the morals; such as, the subjects matters of being loyal to the emperor and patriotic to the country, obedient to parents, faithful to marriage and just to all. The decorations on Taiwanese traditional architectures with educational functions had played an important role in the society and life. The altar of the grand palace at Jingfu Temple, Taoyuanj Jhong (loyalty):Wun Tian-sian was such a decent man with an awe-inspiring righteousness and he practiced what the sages and the virtuous’ teachings; which was a widely known story and also an example of honoring the loyalty and patriotism. Siao (Filial piety): 24 filial Stories were often seen story subjects on the architectural decorations, teaching the children the piety of filialness. The lintel on the beam in the hall of Li Teng-Fang Historical Residence Lian (Honesty): the story of Yang Jhen refusing the gold was often seen story subjects on the architectural decorations, honoring the honest and upright integrity and morality. The lintel on the beam in the hall of Li Teng-Fang Historical Residence Jie (Self disciplines): the story of Su Wu shepherding was often seen story subjects on the architectural decorations, honoring the unyielding spirits of self disciplines. The wall block at the front hall of Fanjiang Ancestral Hall, Sinwu. Gigantic calligraphic characters “Jhongsiao, Lianjie” were written on the extensive wall of the ancestral shrine, attempting to teach children, expound cultures and declare ethics and morals. Wun Tiansian titling a suicide note Wun Tiansian was from Jian, Jiangsi in the modern time. During the ruling of the Emperor Sung Gong, the Yuan’s troops intruded with a great force, Wun Tiansian donated his household asset to act as military expenses recruiting local heroes and forming volunteer soldiers. The mother of the emperor, Sie Taihou appointed Wun Tiansian to negotiate with Bo Yan, attempting to make peace with Yuan’s troops. Wun Tiansian would rather die than give in so he took the risk to escape. While he was on the way to retreat, he and his men were attacked by Yuan’s general-Jhang Hongfan, and then Wun got defeated and captured. Jhang Hongfan insisted Wun Tiansian to write a letter to summon Jhang Shijie to surrender, but instead Wun Tiansian wrote him the poetry-“Guo Ling Ding Yang.” While Jhang Hongfan read the two verses of “ none could ever avoid death since the old time, but leaving a loyal heart for the new generations,” he was touched so he never forced Wun again. After Nansung ended, Wun Tiansian was put in jail, Yuan Shizu coerced, lured by gain or even used his wife and families to threaten him to surrender, but all of offerings and threats came in vain. He was sent for execution. Wun Tiansian kowtowed to the south, then he craned his neck to be executed, dying a martyr’s death. After he died, one found a poetry around his belt saying: “Confucius saying to die for a righteous cause and Mencius choosing justice over all; only when there was no more justice, so one had to die for a righteous cause. Reading all the sages and the virtuous’ books, what have been learned? From this time on, I felt no shame to meet with them.” Wun Tiansian died when he was only 47. 《 Lying on ice requesting carps 》 In Jin Dynasty, there was a man named Wang Sian. He was a decent man with a decent heart. His mother died when he was very young and his stepmother was not kind to him at all. One winter, his stepmother got sick and she craved for eating carps so Wang Sian lay on frozen river nakedly to pray for it. Then all of sudden, the icy surface cracked and two vivacious carps jumped right out of water. Wang Sian then took the carps home and gave them to his stepmother. It was then a story on everyone’s lips. 《 Yang Jhen Refusing the Gold 》 Yang Jhen was one of the great Confucians in the middle of Donghan Dynasty. Wang Mi served as a governmental official because of Yang Jhen’s recommendation. One night, he sneaked to meet Yang Jhen and wanted to give Yang Jhen valuable presents to express his gratitude, thinking none would really know about it in this quiet night. Yang Jhen instead told him “the heaven knows, god knows, you know and I know.” Wang Mi then returned and felt shameful. Yang Jhen valued the righteousness and refused the gold. Such integrity had made his honest and upright virtues widely known to the world as the name of “ Mr. four-know.” 《 Su Wu Shepherding 》 During Emperor Han Wu, Su Wu was send on a diplomatic mission to Siongnu, but he was caught by Chan Yu. Chan Yu wanted to curry Su Wu’s favor with wealth and rank, thinking that he might betray Han Dynasty and surrender to Siongnu. Su Wu turned him down fiercely. Chan Yu appreciated Su Wu’s loyalty so he wanted him to surrender even more. He used many means but there was no way that he could persuade him to surrender. He then sent him to North Sea to shepherd a crowd of rams and he would not be permitted to return to Han land until any of rams could bear any lambs. Su Wu shepherded without any resentment and regret. 19 years later, Siongnu and Han Dynasty made peace so he was able to return to Han land. Later on, people often used the allusion of “Su Wu shepherding” to express their praise to the noble and firm self-disciplines.